Marco A. Molina-Montenegro


Nombre del Académico: Marco A. Molina-Montenegro

Títulos y grados: Licenciado en Biología y Dr. Ciencias Biológicas

Jerarquía académica: Profesor Instructor

Teléfono: 56752802


Línea de Investigación

El foco principal de nuestras investigaciones es la ecofisiología, entendida como aquella aproximación mecanicista y funcional que permite comprender los patrones de distribución y abundancia de las poblaciones y comunidades vegetales. Estamos interesados en comprender como las interacciones planta-planta y planta-microorganismos pueden facilitar y mejorar el desempeño ecofisiológico de plantas nativas e invasoras en ambientes extremos, y como estas interacciones pueden verse afectadas por el cambio climático. Finalmente, estamos interesados en promover estrategias de reintroducción de la flora nativa y mejoramiento de cultivos agrícolas mediante el uso de biorecursos antárticos.


• Gallardo-Cerda J, Bravo LA, Atala C, Corcuera LJ, Molina-Montenegro MA (2015) Dehydrins presence in xylem parenchyma cells enhances hydraulic conductivity and physiological performance in Nothofagus dombeyi. South African Journal of Botany (in press).

• Chwedorzewska KJ, Gielwanoswka I, Olech M, Molina-Montenegro MA, Wódkiewicz M, & Galera H (2015) Poa annua L. in the Maritime Antarctic: an overview. Polar Record (in press).

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Pertierra LR, Razeto-Barry P, Finot V & Torres-Díaz C (2015) A recolonization record of the invasive Poa annua in Paradise bay, Antarctic Peninsula: Modelling of the potential spreading risk. Polar Biology 38: 109196.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Oses R, Acuña-Rodríguez IS, Fardella C, Badano EI, Torres-Morales P, Gallardo-Cerda J, Torres-Díaz C (2015) Positive interactions by cushion plants in high mountains: fact or artifact? Journal of Plant Ecology 8: 1-7.

• Hughes K, Pertierra LR, Molina-Montenegro MA & Convey P. (2015) Biological invasions in terrestrial Antarctica: what is the current status and can we respond? Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 1031-1055.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Torres-Díaz C, Oses R, Atala C, Núñez M & Armas C (2015) Is the invasion success of Taraxacum officinale the result of rapid adaptive evolution in seed traits? Evidence from a latitudinal rainfall gradient. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 17: 218-226.

• Atala C, Quilodrán M & Molina-Montenegro MA (2014) Induced twining in Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth.: response threshold and induction by volatiles and snail damage. Gayana Botánica 71: 181-187.

• *Acuña-Rodríguez IS, Gianoli E, Ríos R, Salgado-Luarte C, Stotz G, Carrasco-Urra F & Molina-Montenegro MA (2014) Antarctic ecology one century after the conquest of the South Pole: how much have we advanced? BioScience 64: 593-600.

• *Fardella C, Oses R, Torres-Díaz C & Molina-Montenegro MA (2014) Hongos endófitos Antárticos como herramienta para la reintroducción de especies nativas en zonas áridas. Bosque 35: 235-239.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Carrasco-Urra F, Oses R, Torres-Díaz C & Chwedorzewska KJ (2014) Assessing the importance of human activities for the establishment of the invasive Poa annua in the Antarctica. Polar research 33: 21425.

• Ruiz-Carrasco K, Biondi S, Antognoti F, Jacobsen S, Oses R, Acuña-Rodríguez I, Martínez EA, Zurita-Silva A, Bazile D, Pinto M, Canahua A & Molina-Montenegro MA (2014). 2013 - a year specially dedicated to quinoa: learning from the past, status on the present, and perspectives for the future. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 34: 349-359.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Torres-Días C & Gianoli E. (2014) Antarctic macrolichen modifies microclimate and facilitates vascular plants in the maritime Antarctica – a reply to Casanova-Katny et al. (2014). Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 606-608.

• Acuña-Rodríguez I, Oses R, Torres-Díaz C. & Molina-Montenegro MA (2014) Genetic diversity of Colobanthus quitensis across the Drake Passage. Plant Genetic Resource 12: 47-50.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Torre-Díaz C, Gallardo-Cerda J, Leppe M, Gianoli E. (2013) El Niño drives the effects of seabirds in trees on a southern Pacific island. Ecology 94: 2415-2425.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Salgado-Luarte C, Oses R & Torres-Díaz C (2013) Is physiological performance a good predictor for fitness? Insights from an invasive plant species. PLoS ONE 8: 76432.

• Stotz GC, Salgado-Luarte C, Ríos R, Acuña-Rodríguez IS, Carrasco-Urra F, Molina-Montenegro MA & Gianoli E. (2013) Trends in Antarctic ecological research in Latin America shown by publications in international journals. Polar Research 32: 19993.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Palma-Rojas C, Alcayaga-Olivares Y, Oses R, Corcuera LJ & Cavieres LA. (2013) Ecophysiological plasticity and local differentiation help explain the invasion success of Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) in South America. Ecography 36: 718-730.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Ricote-Martínez N, Muñoz-Ramírez C, Torres-Díaz C, Gómez-González S, Gianoli E. (2013) Positive interactions between the lichen Usnea antarctica (Parmeliaceae) and the native flora in Maritime Antarctica. Journal of Vegetation Science 24: 463-472.

• Torres-Díaz C, Ruiz E, Salgado-Luarte C, Molina-Montenegro MA & Gianoli E. (2013) Within-population genetic diversity of climbing plants and trees in a temperate forest of central Chile. Gayana Botánica 70: 31-38.

• Molina-Montenegro MA & Corcuera L.J. (2012) The conquest of the South Pole: Importance and lessons for the present. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 85: 365-367.

• Navarrete-Gallegos A, Bravo LA, Molina-Montenegro M.A, Corcuera LJ. (2012) Antioxidant responses in two Colobanthus quitensis (Caryophyllaceae) ecotypes exposed to high UV-B radiation and low temperatura. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 85: 419-433.
• Molina-Montenegro M.A. & Naya D. (2012) Latitudinal patterns in phenotypic plasticity and fitness-related traits: Assessing the climatic variability hypothesis (CVH) with an invasive plant species. PLoS ONE 7: e47620.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Carrasco-Urra F, Rodrigo C, Convey P, Valladares F & Gianoli E. (2012) First records of the non-native Poa annua (bluegrass) on the Antarctic mainland, and negative effects on native Antarctic plants. Conservation Biology 26: 717-723.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Torres-Díaz C, Carrasco-Urra F, González-Silvestre L. & Gianoli E. (2012) Plasticidad fenotípica en dos poblaciones antárticas de Colobanthus quitensis (Caryophyllaceae) bajo un escenario simulado de cambio global. Gayana Botánica 69: 87-94.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Cleland E., Watts S. & Broitman B. (2012) Can a breakdown in competition-colonization trade-offs help explain the success of exotic species in the California flora? Oikos 121: 389-395.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Peñuelas J., Munné-Bosch S. & Sardans J. (2012) Higher plasticity in ecophysiological traits enhances the performance and invasion success of Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) in alpine environments. Biological Invasions 14: 21-33.

• Atala C, Muñoz-Capponi E, Pereira G, Navarrete E, Oses R & Molina-Montenegro MA. (2012) Impact of mycorrhizae and irrigation in the survival of seedlings of Pinus radiata D. Don subject to drought. Gayana Botánica 69: 296-304.

• Molina-Montenegro MA., Flores T., Gallardo J. & Atala C. (2012) The trade-off between cold resistance and growth determines the Nothofagus pumilio treeline. Plant Ecology 213: 133-142.

• Ruiz-Carrasco K., Antognoni F., Konotie-Coulibaly A., Lizardi S., Covarrubias A., Martínez E.A., Molina-Montenegro M.A., Biondi S. & Zurita-Silva A. (2011) Variation in salinity tolerance of four lowland varieties of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) as assessed by growth, physiological traits, and sodium transporter gene expression. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 49: 1333-1341.

• Molina-Montenegro M.A., Quiroz C, Torres-Diaz C & Atala, C. (2011) Ecophysiological traits suggest local adaptation rather than plasticity in the invasive Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) from native and introduced habitat range. Plant Ecology & Diversity 4: 36-42.

• *Arredondo-Núñez A., Salgado O. & Molina-Montenegro M.A. (2011) Sphericity and smaller pollen-size are better represented in introduced rather than native plant species. Gayana Botánica 68: 330-332.

• Molina-Montenegro MA, Zurita-Silva A & Oses R. (2011) Effects of water supply on physiological and yield production in Lettuce culture (Lactuca sativa L.). Ciencia e Investigación Agraria 12: 23-29.

• Molina-Montenegro M.A. & Cavieres L.A. (2010) Altitudinal variation of morpho-physiological traits in two high-andean plant species and its effects against the photoinhibition. Gayana Botánica 67: 1-11.

• Molina-Montenegro M.A., Atala, C & Gianoli, E. (2010) Plasticity and ecotypic differentiation of ecophysiological traits in the invasive Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) under environmental heterogeneity. Biological Invasions 12: 2277-2284.

• Molina-Montenegro M.A. & Gianoli E. (2010) The I-index, a new estimator of the impact of scientific productivity: ecologists from Chile as study case. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 83: 219-227.

• Gianoli E. & Molina-Montenegro M.A. (2009) Insights into the relationship between the h-index and self-citations. Journal of the American Society for Information and Technology 60: 1283-1285.

• Figueroa J.A., Cavieres L.A., Gómez-González S., Molina-Montenegro M.A. & Jacksic F.M. (2009) Do heat and smoke increase emergence of exotic and native plant in the matorral of central Chile? Acta Oecologica 35: 335-340.

• Quiroz CL, Choler P, Bapist F, Molina-Montenegro MA, González-Teuber M. & Cavieres LA. (2009) Alpine dandelion originated in the native and introduced ranges differ in their responses to environmental constraints. Ecological Research 24: 175-183.

• Farji-Brener A.G., Gianoli E. & Molina-Montenegro M.A. (2009) Small-scale disturbances spread along trophic chains: leaf-cutting ant nest, plants, aphids, and tending ants. Ecological Research 24: 139-145.

• Molina-Montenegro M.A., Briones R. & Cavieres L.A. (2009) Does global warming induce segregation among native and alien beetle species in a mountain-top? Ecological Research 24:31-36.

• Gonzalés, W.L., Suarez, L.H., Molina-Montenegro, M.A. & Gianoli, E. (2008) Water availability limits tolerance of apical damage in the Chilean tarweed Madia sativa. Acta Oecologica 34: 104-110.

• Molina-Montenegro M.A., Badano E.I. & Cavieres L.A. (2008) Positive interactions among plant species for pollinator service: assessing the “magnet species” concept with invasive species. Oikos 117: 1833-1839.

• Cavieres L.A., Quiroz, C.L. & Molina-Montenegro M.A. (2008) Facilitation of the non-native Taraxacum officinale by native nurse cushion species in the high-Andes of central Chile: are there differences between nurses? Functional Ecology 22: 148-156.


• Cavieres L.A., Badano E.I., Sierra-Almeida, A. & Molina-Montenegro M.A. (2007) Microclimatic modifications of cushion plants and their consequences for the seedling survival of Hordeum comosum (Poaceae) in the high-Andes of central Chile. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 39: 229-236.

• Gianoli E., Molina-Montenegro MA. & Becerra J (2007) Interactive Effects of Leaf Damage, Light Intensity and Support Availability on Chemical Defenses and Morphology of a Twining Vine. Journal of Chemical Ecology 33: 95-103.

• Cavieres L.A., Chacón P., Peñaloza, A., Molina-Montenegro M.A. & Arroyo M.T.K. (2007) Leaf litter of Kageneckia angustifolia D. Don (Rosaceae) inhibits seed germination in sclerophyllous montane woodlands of central Chile. Plant Ecology 190: 13-22.

• Molina-Montenegro, M.A. & Cavieres, L.A. (2006) Effect of density and flower size on the reproductive success of Nothoscordum graminum (Liliaceae). Gayana Botánica 63: 109-114.

• Casanova-Katny MA, Bravo LA, Molina-Montenegro MA, Corcuera LJ. & Cavieres LA. (2006) Photosynthetic performance of Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl. (Caryophyllaceae) in a high-elevation site of the Andes of central Chile. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 79: 41-53.

• Molina-Montenegro M.A., Ávila P., Hurtado R., Valdivia A. & Gianoli E. (2006) Leaf trichome density may explain herbivory patterns of Actinote sp. (Lepidoptera: Acraeidae) on Liabum mandonii (Asteraceae) in a montane tropical forest (Nor Yungas, La Paz, Bolivia). Acta Oecologica 30: 147-150.

• Molina-Montenegro M.A., Badano E.I. & Cavieres L.A. (2006) Cushion plants as microclimatic shelters for two lady-bug species in alpine zone of central Chile. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 28: 224-227.

• Cavieres L.A., Badano E.I., Sierra-Almeida A., Gómez-Gonzáles S. & Molina-Montenegro M.A. (2006) Positive interactions between alpine plant species and the nurse cushion plant Laretia acaulis do not increase with elevation in the Andes of central Chile. New Phytologist 169: 59-69.

• Cavieres L.A., Quiroz, C.L., Molina-Montenegro, M.A., Muñoz, A.A. & Pauchard, A. (2005) Nurse effect of the native cushion plant Azorella monantha on the invasive non-native Taraxacum officinale in the high Andes of central Chile. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 7: 217-226.

• Gianoli E. & Molina-Montenegro M.A. (2005) Leaf damage induces twining in a climbing plant. New Phytologist 167: 385-390.

• Molina-Montenegro M.A., Morales B., Fuentes K.M., Badano E.I., Muñoz A.A. & Cavieres, L.A. (2005) Positive associations between macroalgal species along a rocky intertidal and its effect on the physiological performance of Ulva lactuca. Marine Ecology Progress Series 292: 173-180.

• Badano E.I., Cavieres L.A., Molina-Montenegro M.A. & Quiroz C. (2005) Slopes aspect influences plant association patterns in the Mediterranean matorral of central Chile. Journal of Arid Environment 62: 93-108.

• Badano E.I., Molina-Montenegro M.A., Quiroz C. & Cavieres L.A. (2002) Efecto de Oreopolus glacialis (Rubiaceae) sobre la riqueza y diversidad de especies de plantas en una comunidad alto-andina. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 75: 757-766.

• Cavieres L.A., Molina-Montenegro M.A., Torres C., Peñaloza A. & Arroyo M.T.K. (2002) Nurse effect of Bolax gummigera (Apiaceae) cushion plants in the alpine vegetation of the Chilean Patagonian Andes. Journal of Vegetation Science 13: 547-554.


• 2009-2011: Phenotypic plasticity in Colobanthus quitensis under a complex global change scenario. INACH. Chile. Investigador principal.

• 2010-2013: Do climbing plants exhibit greater population differentiation than trees or shrubs?: testing the key innovation hypothesis regarding the climbing habitat at an ecological time scale in the southern temperate rainforest. FONDECYT. Co-Investigador.

• 2012-2014: Evaluación del efecto “Nodriza” como estrategia para aumentar el éxito de establecimiento de especies endémicas de la Región de Coquimbo. CONAF 11/063. Investigador Principal.

• 2012-2015: Implementación de un plan de conservación, propagación y reintroducción de especies seleccionadas de la flora endémica de Paposo y su entorno. Ministerio del Medio Ambiente 011_342. Co-Investigador.

• 2011-2014: Role of fungal endophytes on the ecophysiological performance of vascular Antarctic plants. INACH G_22_11. Investigador Principal.

• 2012-2013: Uso de endófitos aislados de raíces de plantas antárticas como una potencial herramienta biotecnológica para mejorar la eficiencia en el uso del agua y rendimiento en cultivos de lechugas Proyecto Interno ULS-CEAZA 12_211. Investigador Principal.

• 2012-2014: How does quinoa deal with salt stress? Evaluation of architectural traits and transcription factors related to stress tolerance genes that make it a successful crop in a challenging environment. FONDECYT postdoctoral 3140624. Patrocinante.

• 2013-2015: Evolutionary history of the pearlwort Colobanthus quitensis: population genetics, phylogeographic patterns, and adaptive differentiations. INACH T_11_13. Investigador Principal.

• 2013-2015: Effects of fungal endophytes on ecophysiological performance and biochemical responses in Deschampsia antarctica plants under current and future global climate change scenario. FONDECYT postdoctoral 3140279. Patrocinante.

• 2014-2017: Efecto de los endófitos foliares sobre la fotoprotección, desempeño ecofisiológico y supervivencia de Deschampia antarctica en la Antártica marítima. FONDECYT postdoctoral 3150710. Patrocinante.

• 2014-2017: Evaluating the role of Antarctic root-endophytes on the ecophysiological performance, environmental tolerance and yield in Lettuce crops. FONDECYT 11140607. Investigador Principal.

• 2014-2016: Millennium Nucleus “Centre of Molecular Ecology and Evolutionary Application in Agroecosystems”. Iniciativa Científica Milenio. Investigador Asociado.